Mycobiome, Fungi, and Our Gut

 

We hear so much about the microbiome i.e. the bacterial species in our gut. Well, guess what guys? It’s fungi too! Although there are fewer species inside of us, they seem to play significant roles in IBD. This an emerging area understanding called the “Mycobiome.” From NYTimes: “Individuals with Crohn’s had high concentrations of Malassezia [species of fungi] on their intestine walls, while healthy patients had almost none. The researchers then demonstrated that simply adding this type of fungi to the gut — at least, in mice — was enough to exacerbate the inflammation seen in Crohn’s.”